Imagine if you could switch on air conditioning before reaching home or switch off lights even after you have left home? Or unlock the doors to friends for temporary access even when you are not at home. Wouldn’t you love if you can move your car from your smartphone and check how much fuel is remaining in your car? This imagination can turn into a reality, by using a concept called Internet of things (IoT).
What is IoT:-
As the name suggest it’s an internet of things, which can have an IP address so that it can send, share and receive data. According to Dell, the Internet of Things (IoT) is an ecosystem where sensors, devices, and equipment are connected to a network and can transmit and receive data for tracking, analysis, and action. The purpose of IOT is to make the devices smarter. For example if you want to look like Iron Man when working out at the gym but never knew how? Well, now you can with the growing range of Smart Clothing from Athos.
Each garment has built-in sensors which measure muscle activity using electromyography. This information is relayed to the “Iron Man” hub, which you can attach to your chest or leg. The hub sends this information back to your smartphone allowing you to analyse your performance during different exercises and perfect your techniques.
Possibilities and Growth in IOT:-
A large number of devices are required for IOT to go towards connect cars, smart homes, connected wearables, smart cities and connected healthcare. If we see the trends then according to HP survey by 2020 connected devices across all technologies will reach to 20.6 billion, that’s a huge number. Lots of organisations are showing a keen interest for adopting IOT. According to a survey conducted in 2015 by Gartner, Inc., 43% of Organizations Are Using or Plan to Implement the Internet of Things in 2016.
Future Of IOT SOLUTIONS?
There are many surveys which shows, that a lot of opportunities are there for the companies that provides IT Solutions for now.
We don’t need a complete different setup for this as one of the surveys conducted by Eclipse IOT Working Group, IEEE IoT and AGILE IoT shows some key findings, here are some useful facts:
- 46% of respondents are delivering IOT solutions today and additional 29% have plans to deliver an IOT solution in the next 18 months.
- 9% IOT based solutions are getting created on JAVA.
- 1% IOT devices are used Linux OS.
Another survey conducted by KRC Research in UK, US, Japan and Germany the early adopters of IOT has revealed which devices are the customers more likely to use in the coming years. 37% smart appliances and around 13% wearable devices are the two main sources of interest.
Challenges in IoT:-
In case of IoT, Opportunity and growth is directly proportional to challenges. The main reason for that could be that we don’t have a true leader as of now in IoT as in other domains. We still are waiting for the “Apple Inc.” of IoT.
But in terms of implementation, there are few challenges that comes out in the one of the surveys. When Forrester surveyed 232 companies developing IoT products it found that 38% anticipated security to be the biggest challenge to IoT implementation, more than any other issue and 64% cited data and device. Let’s see two major challenges in IoT.
- Security: is the main bottleneck in IoT because most of the devices connected collect personal information from the user and pass to application or vice-versa. Some of the devices even transmit this information via the network without any encryption. This makes the data vulnerable to theft and misuse if accessed by an unauthorized person.
- No Standard Protocols: IoT is a system that consist of a number of devices that share information among them but these devices works on different protocols so it becomes difficult to consume and share the information. Only solution for this could be to develop standard protocols for IoT.
There are some major challenges that need to be overcome for the Internet of Things to truly take off. However, if we manage, the Internet of Things has a lot of potential for organisations and societies around the world.